Gong li dating history
Three kinds of characters were used—pictographs, ideograms, and phonograms—and those records are the earliest known writing in China.
There existed significant Jewish communities in India, Persia, the Arab nations, and in cities throughout Europe; in almost all these communities, a good number of Jews were already merchants.
While most Arabs and Persians could not speak Russian, Greek, or Italian, Jews in Persia, Arabia, and Europe all knew enough Hebrew to communicate with each other.
Thus Persian and Middle Eastern Jews had a much easier time trading with European Jews than Arab Muslims did with European Christians.
Pottery included dishes and bowls in a white glaze for ceremonial and ritual use, as well as black pottery and a rich brown glaze for more mundane purposes.
Jade carving became quite advanced during the Shang dynasty.