College dating violence power and control wheel
Students must contend with this culture even if they are not especially sexually active. The average graduating senior reports hooking up just eight times in four years; and a third do not hook up even a single time.Individual students can and do opt out of casual hookup sexual encounters, but few can escape dealing with that culture.About a quarter of students thrive in this culture, at least at first.They enjoy hooking up and adapt well to hookup culture’s rules calling for fun and casual, short-term encounters.Because culture is a type of shared consciousness, many people need to work together to make changes happen. Especially because of the strong ties in student bodies, campuses can transform themselves faster than one might suspect.
The answer appears to be both yes and no, as I learned from years of fieldwork.Until today, this remains true on many campuses, but many other factors also reinforce hookup sexual norms on college campuses – including media portrayals of college life, rising individualism, and a halfway transition toward women’s equality.Social and sexual norms originally embodied in fraternities now reign supreme on college campuses.It privileges immediate pleasure-seeking and heightens risks that students will become either perpetrators or victims of sexual crimes.Understanding that the forces shaping sexual relationships on campuses are cultural – that problems lie not so much in particular encounters as in hookup culture overall – is the first step toward clarifying what needs to change.